不能被抹杀的记忆(图)

真相网2020.10.28】【文: 清音】2011年8月13日中午12点,整个柏林陷入一片沉静,交通停止,行人停下脚步,只有教堂的钟声在空中回荡着……这是柏林纪念柏林墙建墙50周年的一个活动,此时此刻,整个柏林为那些因试图翻越封锁而献出生命的东德市民默哀一分钟。

1989年柏林墙被推倒,被设计成为纪念灾难的博物馆,因此后人才能在这样的历史凭证面前,反思灾难。当年东德修建柏林墙时的工程代号是“中国长城第二”,意思是要像万里长城一样坚不可摧,结局是被世界人民拆毁了。

柏林墙倒塌之后,在万里长城的故乡中国大陆,坐卧不安的中共悄然筑起另一堵无形的网上柏林墙,即中共官方进行网络审查的“长城防火墙”。每天有不计其数的网警在上面忙碌,目的是掩盖自己的谎言,给中国人洗脑。与真正的柏林墙相比,中共无形的柏林墙正在时时刻刻阻挡着中国人了解真相。

不能被抹杀的记忆(图)
苏联解体后,世界上6000多座列宁像被推倒和清除。(点图看大图)

让我们回顾一下,从二十世纪末直至现在,清算共产主义的艰辛历程,从一九九零年苏共解体,在其后的数十年中,共产主义仍然以各种形式,或是建筑物、雕像、印章标志存在,这让曾经众多的受害者感到不安,因而推动了清算共产邪恶的种种载体存在,而开始建立纪念碑、档案馆,让世人对于共产红祸的认知有了标志性的存在。

列宁像被推倒的那一刻

作为全世界共产主义接班人的“伟大导师”,列宁雕像曾经是苏联向社会主义阵营国家输出的重要物资,全世界曾经建造过7428座列宁纪念碑。但随着众多档案的逐渐解密,越来越多的文献披露出列宁大举屠杀俄罗斯人的事实。

昔日,列宁“国父”的形象逐渐瓦解,取而代之的是6000多座列宁像被推倒和拆除。在列宁像被吊起的那一刻,人们的内心是震惊的,也是兴奋的,瓦解的却是列宁时代给人们留下的沉重芥蒂和历史性伤疤。

1991年立陶宛民众骑在被推倒的列宁像上,标志共产主义统治的时代结束。

乌克兰首都基辅,市中心的一座列宁塑像被推倒后

乌克兰波尔塔瓦州州长维克多·布尔加伊丘克下令在2014年11月24日前,即“大饥荒纪念日”之前推倒该州的所有列宁像。他认为继续保留屠杀乌克兰人民刽子手的雕像是对乌克兰民族的亵渎,他要求全州“清理街头、广场、学校及其它地方前苏联共产极权专政时期的标志”

乌克兰境内约有2200座列宁塑像。有意思的是,乌克兰媒体和社会学者发布的有关乌克兰列宁像的分布图显示,列宁像越多的地方,当地犯罪率较高,经济上也面临各种问题。而列宁像较少,甚至几乎没有的中部和西部地区,当地的公民社会发展很快,治安也非常好。

2015年4月9日,乌克兰议会投票通过立法,在乌克兰境内全面禁止共产极权统治的标志,包括:前苏联时期的国旗、国徽、国歌、镰刀、锤子、五角星等;禁止共产党的标志,包括禁止引用党魁的讲话。所有含有共产主义印记的街道和城市名称都需要重新命名。

从列宁到斯大林,独裁者给苏联人民带来了巨大灾难。前苏共中央政治局委员在著作《一杯苦酒——俄罗斯的布尔什维克主义和改革运动》中写道:“仅仅这个世纪(20世纪),俄罗斯由于战争、饥饿和镇压就死亡了6000多万人。”

2017年10月30日,俄国十月革命百年临近时,纪念前苏联时期受政治迫害者的纪念碑“悲伤墙”,在莫斯科落成揭幕,这是俄罗斯第一座用青铜雕塑的国家级纪念碑。这一举措,向世界发出明确信号:苏共滥杀无辜的罪恶历史被否定,十月革命发源地及其邪恶的共产主义意识形态被否定。

东德公开秘密档案:让每个人了解真相

东德解体之前,严密的监控无孔不入,如果将警察局的线人们也考虑在内,每6.5个东德人中就有一名秘密警察的线人。

1989年11月9日,柏林墙被一夕推倒,东德的秘密警察们却忙成了热锅上的蚂蚁,以最快的速度全力销毁文件,甚至用脸盆直接在办公室里焚烧档案。细心的民众发现了这些灰色大楼的异常,冲进大楼,成功地保住了独裁政权四十年的 “全记录”。

被保护下来的档案,书写材料长达180公里,有3900万张卡片索引,数十万张图片和录音带文件以及1.56万袋被撕毁成碎片的文件,人们用各种方式修复碎片,全力挽救档案。

档案对民众公开,每个个人、组织、机构均有权查看其档案,已有170万人即东德10%的人提交了查看档案的申请。负责档案管理的玛丽安娜·比尔特勒称:“有这么多的人决定打破沉默,他们希望了解真相,他们希望了解过去在自己身上到底发生了什么事情。”

两德统一后,曾经是集权统治象征的东德国家安全部总部楼群,成为纪念馆和博物馆,通过各种展览、出版物和历史见证者的演讲等活动,提醒人们记住这段灾难性的历史。

波兰90公里长的档案

1990年1月,在波兰执政42年、曾拥有近300万党员的共产党组织解散了。波兰人民在抛弃共产体制之后,一直致力于“去共产主义化”,解构共产意识形态在建制、文化、心理等层面的有害遗留。

1998年12月,波兰议会通过立法,成立了“民族记忆学院”,专门调查共产党统治时代的政治迫害。至2015年,该学院收集了相等于90公里长度的档案,发表了1794篇出版物,组织了453次展览,举行了817次会议,设立了30个教育网站。同时,学院调查人员约谈了10万3千名证人,讯问了508个被控犯罪的人员,促成了137件司法起诉案。

2016年5月,波兰的“去共产主义法”由总统签字后开始实施。这项法律禁止宣传共产主义和其它专制极权制度。

2017年6月22日,波兰议会又通过了一项法律修正案,下令在一年时间里,推倒公共场合的所有象征、歌颂共产主义及专制极权的塑像和纪念碑。波兰议会发表声明说,通过类似法律是向社会发出明确信号,波兰国家禁止和反对专制制度,谴责传播专制思想的行为。声明还表示,那些对历史曾犯下严重罪行的人的纪念碑如果被保存,将为专制政权的支持者散布错误观点、负面影响社会提供机会。

从1990年至2017年,苏东肃清共产红祸经历了二十余年的过程,这表明共产党对于社会的侵蚀是多么的系统与深入,用了二十多年的时间才将公共场合的建筑、文字、共产标志彻底去掉。至此,整个社会对于共产主义的反思与认知,才有了一个长期而有效的机制。

一个又一个的共产标志被推倒,一个又一个的纪念碑、档案馆、“悲伤墙”建立,唯有对共主毒素的彻底清算,才能让世人真正的清醒。

反观中共国

反观仍被共产主义笼罩下的中国,毛泽东像随处可见,共产党旗在菜市场、蛋糕店、谈判桌上到处悬挂,报纸、电视、网络依然不停地歌颂着“红色政权”。

即便中共认为文革是十年浩劫,但不允许任何形式的公开纪念,以及对灾难有公开的纪念与反思。更不用说,三反五反、三年大饥荒、六四屠杀等中共矢口否认的史实,会有任何的纪念物出现,所有的灾难都被抹去记忆的痕迹,所有的纪念都被打上“颠覆政权”的大帽子,国保警察无时不刻地监视着所有重点人物。

晚上七点准时,中共的喉舌新闻联播开始宣扬“伟光正”,灌输着中共欺世盗名的说辞,毒害了亿万世人,使社会缺乏独立思考的环境与机制,置民众于水火之中,整个社会的道德下滑,令人痛惜。

事实上,中共还在继续涂炭生灵。20年来,中共对信仰“真、善、忍”的法轮功修炼者的迫害从未停止。一位外国人在海外法轮功展板前说,她的亲人也遭受过共产主义的迫害,她能理解法轮功学员所面对的压力,在中国维护人权并不是一件容易的事情。然而在公共场所的展板,却只有中国游客到国外时,才能一睹真容,但这样的机会不仅短暂,而且数量有限,在(中国)国内的十数亿民众仍有大量的人不明真相。

中共建政以来,给中国人带来了无数灾难,造成数千万中国人非正常死亡,但中共极力隐瞒真相,禁止出版自由、言论自由,不让人们系统地了解中共的罪恶。文革档案至今未解禁,教科书中还存在诽谤法轮功的文章。

每次灾难中,人们都说要吸取教训,但中共一再重蹈覆辙。唐山大地震32年之后有汶川大地震,同样是隐瞒死亡人数;非典17年之后,爆发武汉肺炎,同样的瞒报,同样的人祸。这些灾难正提醒我们,不能好了伤疤忘了疼,更不应对中共抱有幻想,人们需要的是像东欧及苏联那样,对共产主义毒素的彻底反思与清除。

正如2004年底大纪元发表系列社论《九评共产党》中所说:“唯有放弃所有幻想,彻底反省自己,而坚决不被仇恨和贪婪欲望所左右,才有可能彻底摆脱这一长达50多年的附体梦魇,以自由民族之身,重建以尊重人性和具有普遍关心为基础的中华文明。”

English Version: http://en.minghui.org/html/articles/2020/6/1/185313.html

Abandon Communism to Embrace a Bright Future for Humankind
June 1, 2020 | By Qing Yin

(Minghui.org) The entire city of Berlin fell silent at noon on August 13, 2011. Traffic came to a standstill and pedestrians halted in their steps, with only a church bell echoing in the air. 

Berlin was commemorating the 50th anniversary of the construction of the notorious Berlin Wall and observing one minute of silence for the victims who lost their lives trying to climb over the wall to freedom. 

Prior to the construction of the wall, a code name, “China's Great Wall II,” was endorsed for the project, indicating that the wall would be as indestructible as the ancient Great Wall of China. 

But 28 years later, the Berlin Wall, portrayed by the Western world as a symbol of communist tyranny, fell in 1989, largely due to chain reactions to a succession of revolutions in Eastern Bloc countries, in particular, Hungary and Poland. 

Not long after the fall of the Berlin Wall, the restless Chinese Communist Party (CCP) began to quietly build another “Berlin Wall” in China – the invisible “Great Firewall” for the purpose of regulating and censoring the internet usage of the Chinese people and blocking access to certain foreign websites and internet tools and mobile apps. 

For decades, countless cyber police have been put to work every day to brainwash the Chinese netizens by spreading false information and covering up the CCP’s lies. The invisible “Great Firewall” has effectively prevented the Chinese from accessing the truth to this day.

Clearing Out Communist Influence 

It has been a long and arduous journey for former Eastern Bloc countries to clear out the communist presence after the disintegration of the Soviet Union. People were disturbed to still see so many reminders of communism in their daily lives, such as street names, statues, buildings, and badges. 

Lenin was once hailed as the “great leader” and promoter of global communism, and statues of him were enthusiastically exported to different countries under the auspices of the Soviet Union. As many as 7,428 statues of Lenin were erected around the world.

As more and more files were declassified, shocking facts of how Lenin slaughtered the Russian people came to light.

The rush to pull down Lenin's statues came as a natural reaction by people who used to live in darkness and mistakenly regarded him as the “founding father” of their nations. It is estimated that over 6,000 statues of Lenin were taken down. At the same time, monuments and museums were set up to remind people of the disasters caused by communism. 

Lenin's statue in Mongolia's capital city Ulaanbaatar being taken down

A Lithuanian sitting on the overturned Lenin statue

Victor Bugaichuk, the governor of Poltava, Ukraine, gave orders that all monuments and statues of Lenin in the nation be removed by November 24, 2014. 

Bugaichuk considered the continued preservation of the statues of their communist oppressors a blasphemy against the Ukrainian people and required the entire state to “clear out all symbols of the former Soviet Communist totalitarian dictatorship from streets, squares, schools, and other public places throughout the state.” There were thousands of monuments to communism and statues of Lenin in Ukraine when it was part of the Soviet Union.

A Lenin statue being smashed in Kiev, Ukraine

Interestingly, according to a chart published by sociologists on Ukraine media, places with more Lenin statues had higher crime rates and more economic problems, whereas in the central and western regions where there were very few or no such statues, the economy grew more quickly and there was less social unrest. 

On April 9, 2015, the Ukrainian parliament passed legislation to ban the promotion of symbols of communist and national socialist totalitarian regimes in the Soviet era, including the former national flag, emblem, and anthem; the hammer and sickle; the pentagram; and so on. The legislation also banned Communist Party-flavored signs as well as Communist Party leader citations. Communist-themed street and city names were to be removed and altered.

From Lenin to Stalin, the communist dictators were responsible for incalculable suffering in the Soviet Union. “More than 60 million Russians lost their lives due to wars, starvation and repression in the Soviet era,” wrote A.N. Yakovlev, a member of the Politburo and Secretariat of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and a historian in his book Bitter Cup, published in 1994.

The “Wall of Grief” (also known as “Wall of Sorrow”), a national memorial to the victims of Stalin’s political persecution, was unveiled in Moscow on October 30, 2017, publically announcing to the entire world that the criminal history of the Soviet Communist Party's indiscriminate killing of innocent people is utterly condemned, and the “October Revolution” and Communist ideologies are completely despised and rejected. 

Secret Archives Laid Bare for All to See

People in East Germany were subjected to extremely tight surveillance under the Communist regime with, on average, one in every 6.5 East Germans an informer. 

When the Berlin Wall crumbled on November 9, 1989, the secret police (Stasi) in East Germany panicked and tried to destroy secret documents as fast as they could. However, local residents, realizing what was happening in those big grey buildings, rushed in and successfully seized the “complete records” of decades of autocratic dictatorship. 

End-to-end, the written archives would stretch 180 kilometers (112 miles), plus 39 million card indexes, tens of thousands of pictures and audio files, as well as 15,600 sacks of hand-ripped files, which were later painstakingly restored.

The archives are open to the public, and every individual, organization, or institution has the right to view them. So far, a total of 1.7 million people, roughly 10% of the East German population, have applied to view their archives. Marianne Birthler (a former East German civil rights activist who became director of the BStU, the agency responsible for the safekeeping of, and access to, the Stasi files) said: “So many people decided to break the silence, [because] they hope to know the truth, they want to know what had happened to them in the past.” 

After the reunification of the two German states in July 1990, the massive headquarters of the East German Ministry of National Security (Stasi) was turned into memorials and museums to remind people of the pain and suffering of the people at the hands of the Stasi under the communist regime in East Germany. Personal accounts, exhibitions, and publications bear witness. 

Massive headquarters of the former Stasi of East Germany

Decommunization in Poland

In January 1990, the Communist Party in Poland, with a membership of 3 million, was dissolved after ruling Poland for 42 years. The Polish people abandoned the communist system and undertook a series of “decommunization” procedures to dismantle the legacies of communist ideology, organization, culture, and psychology. 

Eight years later, in December 1998, the Polish Parliament passed legislation to establish the “Institute of National Remembrance” to investigate and prosecute crimes against the Polish Nation and its people from November 1917 to the end of July 1990, including World War II and the communist period. 

By 2015, the institute had collected 90 kilometers (56 miles) worth of archives, published 1,794 books and articles, organized 453 exhibitions, held 817 meetings, and set up 30 educational websites. At the same time, its investigators interviewed 103,000 witnesses, questioned 508 people accused of crimes, and contributed to 137 judicial prosecutions.

In May 2016, Poland's President signed a law on decommunization to prohibit the propagation of communism and other totalitarian regimes and to remove and alter the names of buildings, streets, and objects with communist themes. 

The law was amended on June 22, 2017, ordering that all statues and monuments in public places that symbolized and praised communism and totalitarian regimes be demolished by the following year. 

In a statement, the Polish Parliament affirmed that its decommunization law sends out a clear message that Poland prohibits and opposes any totalitarian regimes and condemns the spread of such ideologies. It also stated that preserving sculptures of and/or monuments to those who committed serious crimes would provide supporters of totalitarian regimes with the opportunity to spread wrong ideas and negatively impact society. 

It has taken over 20 years for the former communist states in Eastern Europe to clear out their communist legacies and remove symbols of communism from public places. Through that process, people have reflected upon what they had been through under the communist regime, gained a clearer understanding of the evilness of communism, and put in place effective measures to prevent it from harming them again. 

China under the CCP

Today, China is still in the grip of the CCP, where portraits of Mao and Party flags are ubiquitous and government-controlled media outlets and the internet sing the praises of the “red regime” nonstop. 

Public commemorative activities are prohibited in China, even in memory of disasters admitted by the CCP itself, such as the “Cultural Revolution,” let alone other devastating catastrophes, political purges, and killings the CCP has tried to cover up. Any such commemorative activities would be labeled as “subverting the regime,” and key persons involved would be closely monitored by the police.

At 7:00 p.m. every evening, the CCTV starts its daily news program “Xinwen lianbo” to glorify the CCP and brainwash hundreds of millions of people, turning them into “robots” that the CCP can deceive and manipulate at will. 

Independent and critical thinking are repressed, and traditional culture and moral values are destroyed. As a result, there has been a rapid decline in morality in today's China under the communist regime.

The CCP forbids people to believe in anything other than atheistic communist doctrines and stops at no evil in its persecution of people of righteous faith, such as Tibetans, Uyghurs, members of Christian house churches, and, most brutal of all, the persecution of Falun Gong practitioners who live by Truthfulness, Compassion, and Forbearance.

A Westerner said to a Falun Gong practitioner that her family had also suffered at the hands of a communist regime, so she could understand completely the pain and suffering Falun Gong practitioners in China were experiencing. She expressed her hope that the persecution would soon be brought to an end. 

The CCP is responsible for countless disasters in China since it came to power in 1949, and tens of millions of people have lost their lives as a result. 

Still, the CCP has never admitted any wrongdoing. It tries to cover up its crimes by depriving people of their freedoms of publication and of speech and by feeding them disinformation and lies in textbooks and through its mouthpieces.

After a disaster, the CCP might say “we need to learn a lesson,” but it never does, never has, and never will truly reflect upon itself. So the Chinese have had to suffer one disaster after another, mostly due to of the CCP’s cover-ups, from the devastating Tangshan earthquake in 1975 to the horrific earthquake in Wenchuan in 2008, from SARS in 2003 to the current deadly coronavirus outbreak in Wuhan, which has now turned into a pandemic, infecting millions of people around the world and killing tens of thousands. 

Hope for Humanity

History cannot be erased and must not be forgotten. The CCP's unscrupulous conduct and its long-term ambition to ultimately dominate the entire world have prompted more and more people to realize that we must not hold any more illusions about the CCP; we must make a clean break with communism like the people in Eastern Europe have done and completely clear out the toxic influence of communism in the international community. 

In the Nine Commentaries on the Communist Party published by the Epoch Times toward the end of 2014, it says: “We must abandon all illusions, thoroughly examine ourselves without being influenced by hatred, greed and desires. Only then can we rid ourselves of the nightmarish control by the possessing spirit of the CCP over the last 50 years. In the name of a free nation, can we re-establish the Chinese civilization based on respect for human nature and compassion for all.” 

转载自明慧网

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