不能被抹殺的記憶(圖)

真相網2020.10.28】【文: 清音】2011年8月13日中午12點,整個柏林陷入一片沉靜,交通停止,行人停下腳步,只有教堂的鐘聲在空中回蕩著……這是柏林紀念柏林牆建牆50周年的一個活動,此時此刻,整個柏林為那些因試圖翻越封鎖而獻出生命的東德市民默哀一分鐘。

1989年柏林牆被推倒,被設計成為紀念災難的博物館,因此後人才能在這樣的歷史憑證面前,反思災難。當年東德修建柏林牆時的工程代號是「中國長城第二」,意思是要像萬里長城一樣堅不可摧,結局是被世界人民拆毀了。

柏林牆倒塌之後,在萬里長城的故鄉中國大陸,坐卧不安的中共悄然築起另一堵無形的網上柏林牆,即中共官方進行網路審查的「長城防火牆」。每天有不計其數的網警在上面忙碌,目的是掩蓋自己的謊言,給中國人洗腦。與真正的柏林牆相比,中共無形的柏林牆正在時時刻刻阻擋著中國人了解真相。

不能被抹殺的記憶(圖)
蘇聯解體後,世界上6000多座列寧像被推倒和清除。(點圖看大圖)

讓我們回顧一下,從二十世紀末直至現在,清算共產主義的艱辛歷程,從一九九零年蘇共解體,在其後的數十年中,共產主義仍然以各種形式,或是建築物、雕像、印章標誌存在,這讓曾經眾多的受害者感到不安,因而推動了清算共產邪惡的種種載體存在,而開始建立紀念碑、檔案館,讓世人對於共產紅禍的認知有了標誌性的存在。

列寧像被推倒的那一刻

作為全世界共產主義接班人的「偉大導師」,列寧雕像曾經是蘇聯向社會主義陣營國家輸出的重要物資,全世界曾經建造過7428座列寧紀念碑。但隨著眾多檔案的逐漸解密,越來越多的文獻披露出列寧大舉屠殺俄羅斯人的事實。

昔日,列寧「國父」的形象逐漸瓦解,取而代之的是6000多座列寧像被推倒和拆除。在列寧像被吊起的那一刻,人們的內心是震驚的,也是興奮的,瓦解的卻是列寧時代給人們留下的沉重芥蒂和歷史性傷疤。

1991年立陶宛民眾騎在被推倒的列寧像上,標誌共產主義統治的時代結束。

烏克蘭首都基輔,市中心的一座列寧塑像被推倒後

烏克蘭波爾塔瓦州州長維克多·布爾加伊丘克下令在2014年11月24日前,即「大饑荒紀念日」之前推倒該州的所有列寧像。他認為繼續保留屠殺烏克蘭人民劊子手的雕像是對烏克蘭民族的褻瀆,他要求全州「清理街頭、廣場、學校及其它地方前蘇聯共產極權專政時期的標誌」

烏克蘭境內約有2200座列寧塑像。有意思的是,烏克蘭媒體和社會學者發布的有關烏克蘭列寧像的分布圖顯示,列寧像越多的地方,當地犯罪率較高,經濟上也面臨各種問題。而列寧像較少,甚至幾乎沒有的中部和西部地區,當地的公民社會發展很快,治安也非常好。

2015年4月9日,烏克蘭議會投票透過立法,在烏克蘭境內全面禁止共產極權統治的標誌,包括:前蘇聯時期的國旗、國徽、國歌、鐮刀、鎚子、五角星等;禁止共產黨的標誌,包括禁止引用黨魁的講話。所有含有共產主義印記的街道和城市名稱都需要重新命名。

從列寧到史達林,獨裁者給蘇聯人民帶來了巨大災難。前蘇共中央政治局委員在著作《一杯苦酒——俄羅斯的布爾什維克主義和改革運動》中寫道:「僅僅這個世紀(20世紀),俄羅斯由於戰爭、飢餓和鎮壓就死亡了6000多萬人。」

2017年10月30日,俄國十月革命百年臨近時,紀念前蘇聯時期受政治迫害者的紀念碑「悲傷牆」,在莫斯科落成揭幕,這是俄羅斯第一座用青銅雕塑的國家級紀念碑。這一舉措,向世界發出明確信號:蘇共濫殺無辜的罪惡歷史被否定,十月革命發源地及其邪惡的共產主義意識形態被否定。

東德公開秘密檔案:讓每個人了解真相

東德解體之前,嚴密的監控無孔不入,如果將警察局的線人們也考量在內,每6.5個東德人中就有一名秘密警察的線人。

1989年11月9日,柏林牆被一夕推倒,東德的秘密警察們卻忙成了熱鍋上的螞蟻,以最快的速度全力銷毀文件,甚至用臉盆直接在辦公室里焚燒檔案。細心的民眾發現了這些灰色大樓的異常,衝進大樓,成功地保住了獨裁政權四十年的 「全記錄」。

被保護下來的檔案,書寫材料長達180公里,有3900萬張卡片索引,數十萬張圖片和錄音帶文件以及1.56萬袋被撕毀成碎片的文件,人們用各種方式修復碎片,全力挽救檔案。

檔案對民眾公開,每個個人、組織、機構均有權查看其檔案,已有170萬人即東德10%的人提交了查看檔案的申請。負責檔案管理的瑪麗安娜·比爾特勒稱:「有這麼多的人決定打破沉默,他們希望了解真相,他們希望了解過去在自己身上到底發生了什麼事情。」

兩德統一後,曾經是集權統治象徵的東德國家安全部總部樓群,成為紀念館和博物館,透過各種展覽、出版物和歷史見證者的演講等活動,提醒人們記住這段災難性的歷史。

波蘭90公里長的檔案

1990年1月,在波蘭執政42年、曾擁有近300萬黨員的共產黨組織解散了。波蘭人民在拋棄共產體制之後,一直致力於「去共產主義化」,解構共產意識形態在建制、文化、心理等層面的有害遺留。

1998年12月,波蘭議會透過立法,成立了「民族記憶學院」,專門調查共產黨統治時代的政治迫害。至2015年,該學院收集了相等於90公里長度的檔案,發表了1794篇出版物,組織了453次展覽,舉行了817次會議,設立了30個教育網站。同時,學院調查人員約談了10萬3千名證人,訊問了508個被控犯罪的人員,促成了137件司法起訴案。

2016年5月,波蘭的「去共產主義法」由總統簽字後開始實施。這項法律禁止宣傳共產主義和其它專制極權制度。

2017年6月22日,波蘭議會又透過了一項法律修正案,下令在一年時間裡,推倒公共場合的所有象徵、歌頌共產主義及專制極權的塑像和紀念碑。波蘭議會發表聲明說,透過類似法律是向社會發出明確信號,波蘭國家禁止和反對專制制度,譴責傳播專制思想的行為。聲明還表示,那些對歷史曾犯下嚴重罪行的人的紀念碑如果被保存,將為專制政權的支持者散布錯誤觀點、負面影響社會提供機會。

從1990年至2017年,蘇東肅清共產紅禍經歷了二十餘年的過程,這表明共產黨對於社會的侵蝕是多麼的系統與深入,用了二十多年的時間才將公共場合的建築、文字、共產標誌徹底去掉。至此,整個社會對於共產主義的反思與認知,才有了一個長期而有效的機制。

一個又一個的共產標誌被推倒,一個又一個的紀念碑、檔案館、「悲傷牆」建立,唯有對共主毒素的徹底清算,才能讓世人真正的清醒。

反觀中共國

反觀仍被共產主義籠罩下的中國,毛澤東像隨處可見,共產黨旗在菜市場、蛋糕店、談判桌上到處懸掛,報紙、電視、網路依然不停地歌頌著「紅色政權」。

即便中共認為文革是十年浩劫,但不允許任何形式的公開紀念,以及對災難有公開的紀念與反思。更不用說,三反五反、三年大饑荒、六四屠殺等中共矢口否認的史實,會有任何的紀念物出現,所有的災難都被抹去記憶的痕迹,所有的紀念都被打上「顛覆政權」的大帽子,國保警察無時不刻地監視著所有重點人物。

晚上七點準時,中共的喉舌新聞聯播開始宣揚「偉光正」,灌輸著中共欺世盜名的說辭,毒害了億萬世人,使社會缺乏獨立思考的環境與機制,置民眾於水火之中,整個社會的道德下滑,令人痛惜。

事實上,中共還在繼續塗炭生靈。20年來,中共對信仰「真、善、忍」的法輪功修煉者的迫害從未停止。一位外國人在海外法輪功展板前說,她的親人也遭受過共產主義的迫害,她能理解法輪功學員所面對的壓力,在中國維護人權並不是一件容易的事情。然而在公共場所的展板,卻只有中國遊客到國外時,才能一睹真容,但這樣的機會不僅短暫,而且數量有限,在(中國)國內的十數億民眾仍有大量的人不明真相。

中共建政以來,給中國人帶來了無數災難,造成數千萬中國人非正常死亡,但中共極力隱瞞真相,禁止出版自由、言論自由,不讓人們系統地了解中共的罪惡。文革檔案至今未解禁,教科書中還存在誹謗法輪功的文章。

每次災難中,人們都說要吸取教訓,但中共一再重蹈覆轍。唐山大地震32年之後有汶川大地震,同樣是隱瞞死亡人數;非典17年之後,爆發武漢肺炎,同樣的瞞報,同樣的人禍。這些災難正提醒我們,不能好了傷疤忘了疼,更不應對中共抱有幻想,人們需要的是像東歐及蘇聯那樣,對共產主義毒素的徹底反思與清除。

正如2004年底大紀元發表系列社論《九評共產黨》中所說:「唯有放棄所有幻想,徹底反省自己,而堅決不被仇恨和貪婪慾望所左右,才有可能徹底擺脫這一長達50多年的附體夢魘,以自由民族之身,重建以尊重人性和具有普遍關心為基礎的中華文明。」

English Version: http://en.minghui.org/html/articles/2020/6/1/185313.html

Abandon Communism to Embrace a Bright Future for Humankind
June 1, 2020 | By Qing Yin

(Minghui.org) The entire city of Berlin fell silent at noon on August 13, 2011. Traffic came to a standstill and pedestrians halted in their steps, with only a church bell echoing in the air. 

Berlin was commemorating the 50th anniversary of the construction of the notorious Berlin Wall and observing one minute of silence for the victims who lost their lives trying to climb over the wall to freedom. 

Prior to the construction of the wall, a code name, 「China's Great Wall II,」 was endorsed for the project, indicating that the wall would be as indestructible as the ancient Great Wall of China. 

But 28 years later, the Berlin Wall, portrayed by the Western world as a symbol of communist tyranny, fell in 1989, largely due to chain reactions to a succession of revolutions in Eastern Bloc countries, in particular, Hungary and Poland. 

Not long after the fall of the Berlin Wall, the restless Chinese Communist Party (CCP) began to quietly build another 「Berlin Wall」 in China – the invisible 「Great Firewall」 for the purpose of regulating and censoring the internet usage of the Chinese people and blocking access to certain foreign websites and internet tools and mobile apps. 

For decades, countless cyber police have been put to work every day to brainwash the Chinese netizens by spreading false information and covering up the CCP』s lies. The invisible 「Great Firewall」 has effectively prevented the Chinese from accessing the truth to this day.

Clearing Out Communist Influence 

It has been a long and arduous journey for former Eastern Bloc countries to clear out the communist presence after the disintegration of the Soviet Union. People were disturbed to still see so many reminders of communism in their daily lives, such as street names, statues, buildings, and badges. 

Lenin was once hailed as the 「great leader」 and promoter of global communism, and statues of him were enthusiastically exported to different countries under the auspices of the Soviet Union. As many as 7,428 statues of Lenin were erected around the world.

As more and more files were declassified, shocking facts of how Lenin slaughtered the Russian people came to light.

The rush to pull down Lenin's statues came as a natural reaction by people who used to live in darkness and mistakenly regarded him as the 「founding father」 of their nations. It is estimated that over 6,000 statues of Lenin were taken down. At the same time, monuments and museums were set up to remind people of the disasters caused by communism. 

Lenin's statue in Mongolia's capital city Ulaanbaatar being taken down

A Lithuanian sitting on the overturned Lenin statue

Victor Bugaichuk, the governor of Poltava, Ukraine, gave orders that all monuments and statues of Lenin in the nation be removed by November 24, 2014. 

Bugaichuk considered the continued preservation of the statues of their communist oppressors a blasphemy against the Ukrainian people and required the entire state to 「clear out all symbols of the former Soviet Communist totalitarian dictatorship from streets, squares, schools, and other public places throughout the state.」 There were thousands of monuments to communism and statues of Lenin in Ukraine when it was part of the Soviet Union.

A Lenin statue being smashed in Kiev, Ukraine

Interestingly, according to a chart published by sociologists on Ukraine media, places with more Lenin statues had higher crime rates and more economic problems, whereas in the central and western regions where there were very few or no such statues, the economy grew more quickly and there was less social unrest. 

On April 9, 2015, the Ukrainian parliament passed legislation to ban the promotion of symbols of communist and national socialist totalitarian regimes in the Soviet era, including the former national flag, emblem, and anthem; the hammer and sickle; the pentagram; and so on. The legislation also banned Communist Party-flavored signs as well as Communist Party leader citations. Communist-themed street and city names were to be removed and altered.

From Lenin to Stalin, the communist dictators were responsible for incalculable suffering in the Soviet Union. 「More than 60 million Russians lost their lives due to wars, starvation and repression in the Soviet era,」 wrote A.N. Yakovlev, a member of the Politburo and Secretariat of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and a historian in his book Bitter Cup, published in 1994.

The 「Wall of Grief」 (also known as 「Wall of Sorrow」), a national memorial to the victims of Stalin』s political persecution, was unveiled in Moscow on October 30, 2017, publically announcing to the entire world that the criminal history of the Soviet Communist Party's indiscriminate killing of innocent people is utterly condemned, and the 「October Revolution」 and Communist ideologies are completely despised and rejected. 

Secret Archives Laid Bare for All to See

People in East Germany were subjected to extremely tight surveillance under the Communist regime with, on average, one in every 6.5 East Germans an informer. 

When the Berlin Wall crumbled on November 9, 1989, the secret police (Stasi) in East Germany panicked and tried to destroy secret documents as fast as they could. However, local residents, realizing what was happening in those big grey buildings, rushed in and successfully seized the 「complete records」 of decades of autocratic dictatorship. 

End-to-end, the written archives would stretch 180 kilometers (112 miles), plus 39 million card indexes, tens of thousands of pictures and audio files, as well as 15,600 sacks of hand-ripped files, which were later painstakingly restored.

The archives are open to the public, and every individual, organization, or institution has the right to view them. So far, a total of 1.7 million people, roughly 10% of the East German population, have applied to view their archives. Marianne Birthler (a former East German civil rights activist who became director of the BStU, the agency responsible for the safekeeping of, and access to, the Stasi files) said: 「So many people decided to break the silence, [because] they hope to know the truth, they want to know what had happened to them in the past.」 

After the reunification of the two German states in July 1990, the massive headquarters of the East German Ministry of National Security (Stasi) was turned into memorials and museums to remind people of the pain and suffering of the people at the hands of the Stasi under the communist regime in East Germany. Personal accounts, exhibitions, and publications bear witness. 

Massive headquarters of the former Stasi of East Germany

Decommunization in Poland

In January 1990, the Communist Party in Poland, with a membership of 3 million, was dissolved after ruling Poland for 42 years. The Polish people abandoned the communist system and undertook a series of 「decommunization」 procedures to dismantle the legacies of communist ideology, organization, culture, and psychology. 

Eight years later, in December 1998, the Polish Parliament passed legislation to establish the 「Institute of National Remembrance」 to investigate and prosecute crimes against the Polish Nation and its people from November 1917 to the end of July 1990, including World War II and the communist period. 

By 2015, the institute had collected 90 kilometers (56 miles) worth of archives, published 1,794 books and articles, organized 453 exhibitions, held 817 meetings, and set up 30 educational websites. At the same time, its investigators interviewed 103,000 witnesses, questioned 508 people accused of crimes, and contributed to 137 judicial prosecutions.

In May 2016, Poland's President signed a law on decommunization to prohibit the propagation of communism and other totalitarian regimes and to remove and alter the names of buildings, streets, and objects with communist themes. 

The law was amended on June 22, 2017, ordering that all statues and monuments in public places that symbolized and praised communism and totalitarian regimes be demolished by the following year. 

In a statement, the Polish Parliament affirmed that its decommunization law sends out a clear message that Poland prohibits and opposes any totalitarian regimes and condemns the spread of such ideologies. It also stated that preserving sculptures of and/or monuments to those who committed serious crimes would provide supporters of totalitarian regimes with the opportunity to spread wrong ideas and negatively impact society. 

It has taken over 20 years for the former communist states in Eastern Europe to clear out their communist legacies and remove symbols of communism from public places. Through that process, people have reflected upon what they had been through under the communist regime, gained a clearer understanding of the evilness of communism, and put in place effective measures to prevent it from harming them again. 

China under the CCP

Today, China is still in the grip of the CCP, where portraits of Mao and Party flags are ubiquitous and government-controlled media outlets and the internet sing the praises of the 「red regime」 nonstop. 

Public commemorative activities are prohibited in China, even in memory of disasters admitted by the CCP itself, such as the 「Cultural Revolution,」 let alone other devastating catastrophes, political purges, and killings the CCP has tried to cover up. Any such commemorative activities would be labeled as 「subverting the regime,」 and key persons involved would be closely monitored by the police.

At 7:00 p.m. every evening, the CCTV starts its daily news program 「Xinwen lianbo」 to glorify the CCP and brainwash hundreds of millions of people, turning them into 「robots」 that the CCP can deceive and manipulate at will. 

Independent and critical thinking are repressed, and traditional culture and moral values are destroyed. As a result, there has been a rapid decline in morality in today's China under the communist regime.

The CCP forbids people to believe in anything other than atheistic communist doctrines and stops at no evil in its persecution of people of righteous faith, such as Tibetans, Uyghurs, members of Christian house churches, and, most brutal of all, the persecution of Falun Gong practitioners who live by Truthfulness, Compassion, and Forbearance.

A Westerner said to a Falun Gong practitioner that her family had also suffered at the hands of a communist regime, so she could understand completely the pain and suffering Falun Gong practitioners in China were experiencing. She expressed her hope that the persecution would soon be brought to an end. 

The CCP is responsible for countless disasters in China since it came to power in 1949, and tens of millions of people have lost their lives as a result. 

Still, the CCP has never admitted any wrongdoing. It tries to cover up its crimes by depriving people of their freedoms of publication and of speech and by feeding them disinformation and lies in textbooks and through its mouthpieces.

After a disaster, the CCP might say 「we need to learn a lesson,」 but it never does, never has, and never will truly reflect upon itself. So the Chinese have had to suffer one disaster after another, mostly due to of the CCP』s cover-ups, from the devastating Tangshan earthquake in 1975 to the horrific earthquake in Wenchuan in 2008, from SARS in 2003 to the current deadly coronavirus outbreak in Wuhan, which has now turned into a pandemic, infecting millions of people around the world and killing tens of thousands. 

Hope for Humanity

History cannot be erased and must not be forgotten. The CCP's unscrupulous conduct and its long-term ambition to ultimately dominate the entire world have prompted more and more people to realize that we must not hold any more illusions about the CCP; we must make a clean break with communism like the people in Eastern Europe have done and completely clear out the toxic influence of communism in the international community. 

In the Nine Commentaries on the Communist Party published by the Epoch Times toward the end of 2014, it says: 「We must abandon all illusions, thoroughly examine ourselves without being influenced by hatred, greed and desires. Only then can we rid ourselves of the nightmarish control by the possessing spirit of the CCP over the last 50 years. In the name of a free nation, can we re-establish the Chinese civilization based on respect for human nature and compassion for all.」 

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